1Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes, 2to the Church of God which is at Corinth, those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all who call upon the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, both theirs and ours. 3Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
4I always give thanks to my God concerning you for the grace of God which was given to you in Christ Jesus; 5that in everything you have been enriched in him, in all speech and knowledge; 6even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you. 7And so, you lack no gift as you wait for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ; 8who will also confirm you until the end, blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9God is faithful, through whom you were called into the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ, our Lord.
Divisions in the Church
10Now I beg you, brethren, through the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ, to all speak the same thing and that there be no divisions among you. Instead, may you be perfected together in the same mind and opinion. 11As it is, those who are from Chloe’s household have informed me concerning you my brethren, that there are quarrels among you. 12Now I mean this: that each one of you says, “I follow Paul,” “I follow Apollos,” “I follow Kephas,” or, “I follow Christ.” 13Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul? 14I thank God that I baptized none of you, except Crispus and Gaius, 15so that no one should say that I baptized you into my own name. 16(I also baptized the household of Stephanas; besides them, I do not know whether I baptized any other.)
The cross of Christ – No boasting
17Indeed, Christ did not send me to baptize but to preach the Good News – not in wisdom of words, so that the cross of Christ would not be made void. 18For the word of the cross is foolishness to those who are dying, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. 19As it is written,
I will destroy the wisdom of the wise,
I will bring the discernment of the discerning to nothing.
20Where is the wise? Where is the expert of the law? Where is the debater of this world? Has not God ridiculed the wisdom of this world? 21Since in God’s wisdom, the world through its ‘wisdom’ did not know God, it was God’s good pleasure (through the foolishness of this proclamation) to save those who believe. 22Jews ask for signs and Greeks seek after wisdom, 23but we preach Christ crucified; a stumbling block to Jews, and foolishness to Greeks. 24However, to those who are called, (both Jews and Greeks), Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God, 25because God’s ‘foolishness’ is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength. 26Consider your calling, brethren, that not many were wise according to the flesh, not many powerful, nor of noble birth. 27Nevertheless, God chose the foolish things of the world to put to shame those who are ‘wise.’ God chose the weak things of the world in order to put to shame the things that are strong. 28God also chose the lowly things of the world, the things that are despised and even the things that are ‘nothing’ so that he might bring to nothing the things that are; 29so that no flesh should boast before God. 30But by God’s doing, you are in Christ Jesus, who was made to us wisdom from God, as well as righteousness, sanctification, and redemption; 31so that as it is written, ‘Whoever boasts should boast in the Lord.’ (Jeremiah 9:24)
God’s Wisdom – The Spirit of God
1When I came to you, brethren, I did not come with excellence of speech or wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of God. 2Indeed, I resolved not to know anything among you, except Jesus Christ, and him crucified. 3I was with you in weakness, in fear, and in much trembling. 4My speech and my preaching were not in persuasive words of human wisdom but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power, 5so that your faith would not stand by human wisdom but in the power of God. 6However, we speak wisdom among those who are full grown; yet it is a wisdom ‘not of this world’ nor of the rulers of this world who are coming to nothing. 7Instead, we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the wisdom that was hidden, which God had foreordained before the ages for our glory, 8which none of the rulers of this world recognised. For if they had recognised this wisdom, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. 9But as it is written,
Things which no eye has seen, and no ear has heard,
which have not entered the heart of man,
these God has prepared for those who love him. (Isaiah 64:4)
10Yet, God has revealed these things to us through the Spirit, because the Spirit searches everything, yes, the deep things of God. 11For what human being knows what is truly human except the human spirit that is within? Likewise, no one truly comprehends the things of God except the Spirit of God. 12However, we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is from God, so that we might know the things that were freely given to us by God. 13These are the things we proclaim, not in words which human wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with the spiritual. 14Now, the natural person does not receive the things of God’s Spirit because they are foolishness to him, and such a person cannot know these things because they are spiritually discerned. 15On the other hand, the spiritual person discerns everything and is not subject to mere human opinions. 16‘Truly, who has known the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?’ (Isaiah 40:13) But we have the mind of Christ.
God’s co-workers – Spiritual living
1Brethren, I could not speak to you as to spiritual persons, but as to carnal ones – infants in Christ. 2I fed you with milk, not with meat, because you were not yet ready. Indeed, you are not even ready now 3because you are still carnal. As long as there is jealousy, strife, and factions among you, are you not carnal, walking according to human ways? 4When one says “I follow Paul” and another “I follow Apollos” are you not carnal? 5Who then is Apollos, and who is Paul, if not servants through whom you believed; and each as the Lord gave to him? 6I planted, Apollos watered, but God made it grow. 7And so, neither the one planting nor the one watering is anything: only God makes it grow. 8Now the one planting and the one watering are the same, but each will receive a personal reward according to his own labour. 9Indeed, we are God’s co-workers. You are God’s field, God’s building. 10According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder, I laid a foundation, and another builds on it. But let everyone be careful how he builds on it. 11As it is, no one can lay any other foundation than the one that has been laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12But as one builds on that foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, or stubble; 13each person’s work will be revealed. Certainly, the Day will make it manifest, because it is revealed in fire; and the fire will test everyone’s work. 14If what someone has built on the foundation remains, then a reward shall be received. 15If someone’s work is burnt, it will be lost, but that person shall be saved, as through fire.
16Do you not know that your bodies are a sanctuary of God, and that God’s Spirit lives in you? 17If anyone destroys God’s sanctuary, God will destroy him because God’s sanctuary is holy, and this is what you are. 18Let no one deceive himself: if anyone thinks that he is wise among you in this world, let him become a fool, so that he may become wise. 19Indeed, the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. As it is written, ‘He has taken the wise in their craftiness.’ (Job 5:13) 20And also, ‘The Lord knows the reasoning of the wise, that it is worthless.’ (Psalms 93:11) 21Therefore, let no one boast in human beings. Everything is yours, 22whether Paul, or Apollos, or Kephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come. All belong to you, 23and you belong to Christ, and Christ belongs to God.
Stewards of God’s mysteries – Paul’s example
1And so, let everyone think of us as Christ’s servants and stewards of God’s mysteries. 2Moreover, it is required of stewards that they be found faithful. 3But as far as I am concerned, it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you or according to human judgement. Yes, I do not judge my own self 4because I know nothing against myself. Yet, I am not justified by this, but the one who judges me is the Lord. 5Therefore, judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes. He will bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the motives of every heart. Then, each person will receive due praise from God.
6Brethren, I have figuratively applied these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, so that in us you might learn the meaning of ‘not beyond the things which are written’ so that none of you will be puffed up against another. 7Indeed, who makes you different? And what do you have that you have not received? But if you received it, why do you boast as if you had not received it? 8You are already filled. You have already become rich and you have come to rule apart from us. Yes, and I wish that you would really be rulers, so that we also might reign with you. 9I think that God has displayed us, the apostles, last of all, like men sentenced to death, because we are made a spectacle to the world, both to angels and people. 10We are fools for Christ’s sake, but you are wise in Christ. We are weak, but you are strong. You have honour, but we have dishonour. 11Even to this present hour, we hunger and thirst, we are naked, beaten and wander from place to place. 12We work hard, with our own hands. When people curse us, we bless. When we are persecuted, we endure. 13When we are defamed, we try to conciliate. We are made as the filth of the world, as the dirt wiped off by all, even until now. 14I do not write these things to shame you, but to admonish you as my beloved children. 15For although you have ten thousand tutors in Christ, yet not many fathers. For in Christ Jesus, I became your father through the Good News. 16I beg you therefore, be imitators of me. 17For this reason, I have sent Timothy to you, my beloved and faithful child in the Lord. He will remind you of my ways which are in Christ, even as I teach everywhere in every Church. 18Now, some of you, thinking that I am not coming to you, have become arrogant. 19Still, I will come to you shortly, if the Lord wills. Then I will find out not so much what these arrogant people say, but what power they have. 20Truly, the Kingdom of God is not in speech, but in power. 21What do you desire? Shall I come to you with a rod, or in love and with a spirit of gentleness?
A case of sexual immorality
1It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and a kind as does not even occur among the Gentiles, that someone has his father’s wife. 2And you are arrogant. Should you not rather have mourned, so that whoever has done this would have been removed from among you? 3For I most certainly, as being absent in body but present in spirit, have already, as though I were present, judged the man who has done this thing. 4In the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, and with my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, 5you are to hand over such a person to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that the spirit may be delivered in the day of the Lord Jesus.
6Your self-satisfaction is not healthy. Do you not know that a little yeast leavens the whole lump? 7Purge out the old yeast, so that you may be a new lump, even as you are unleavened. And certainly, Christ, our Passover, has been sacrificed in our place. 8Therefore, let us keep the feast, not with old yeast, neither with the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
9I wrote to you in my letter to have no fellowship with those who are immoral; 10yet I did not mean with the immoral people of this world, or with those who are greedy, dishonest, or idolaters; or else you would have to leave the world. 11But as it is, I wrote to you not to associate with anyone who is called a brother who is a sexual sinner, or greedy, or an idolater, or a slanderer, or a drunkard, or someone dishonest. Do not even eat with such a person. 12Indeed, what do I have to do with judging those who are outside? Do you not judge those who are within?
13But those who are outside, God judges. ‘Put away the wicked man from among yourselves.’ (Deuteronomy 17:7)
Lawsuits among Christians
1Now, how can any of you dare go to court before the unrighteous (and not before the saints) when there is a matter against a neighbour? 2Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? 3Do you not know that we will judge angels? How much more, then, things that pertain to this life?
4And now, if you need to judge things pertaining to this life, why do you place yourselves under judges who are irrelevant in the Church? 5I say this to move you to shame. Is there not even one wise man among you who would be able to decide between his brothers? 6Yet, [I hear of] lawsuits among the brethren, and that in front of unbelievers. 7This is already a fault in you, that you have lawsuits one with another. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded? 8No, but you yourselves do wrong and defraud, and that against your brethren.
9Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the Kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor male prostitutes, nor sodomites, 10nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor slanderers, nor swindlers, will inherit the Kingdom of God.
11Some of you used to be like that, but you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the Name of the Lord Jesus, and in the Spirit of our God. 12‘Everything is lawful for me, but not everything is beneficial.’ ‘Everything is lawful for me’ but I will not be brought under the power of anything. 13‘Food is for the stomach, and the stomach is for food’ but God will bring to nothing both of these. However, the body is not for sexual immorality, it is for the Lord; and the Lord is for the body. 14Now, God raised up the Lord, and he will also raise us up by his power. 15Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? May it never be. 16Or do you not know that whoever is joined to a prostitute is one body? For God says, “The two will become one flesh.” (Genesis 2:24) 17But whoever who is joined to the Lord is one spirit. 18Flee sexual immorality. ‘Every sin that a person can do is outside the body’ but whoever commits sexual immorality sins against his own body. 19Or do you not know that your body is a sanctuary of the Holy Spirit which dwells in you, and which you have from God? You are not your own. 20You were bought with a price. Therefore, glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which belong to God.
About marriage and marital relations
1Now, concerning the matters you wrote to me about, ‘it is good for a man not to touch a woman.’ 2However, to avoid sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband. 3Let the husband render to his wife the affection due to her, and likewise the wife to her husband. 4The wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does. Likewise, the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does. 5Do not deprive each other unless it is by consent and for a season, so that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer. Then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
6Nevertheless, I say this by way of concession, not as a command. 7Indeed, I wish that everyone would be like me. However, each person has his own gift from God, one of this kind, and another of that kind. 8Still, I say this to those who are unmarried and to widows as well: it is good for them if they remain as I am. 9But if they do not have self-control, let them marry. Indeed, it is better to marry than to burn. 10But to those who are married, I command (not I, but the Lord) that the wife should not leave her husband 11(but if she leaves, let her remain unmarried, or else be reconciled to her husband), and that the husband should not leave his wife.
12As for other cases, I (not the Lord) say this: if any brother has an unbelieving wife, and if she is content to live with him, he should not leave her. 13The woman who has an unbelieving husband who is content to live with her should not leave her husband. 14This is because the unbelieving husband is sanctified in his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified in her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but in fact, they are holy. 15Yet, if the unbeliever decides to leave, let there be separation. The brother or sister is not under constraint in such cases, but God has called us in peace. 16Truly, how do you know, wife, if you will save your husband? Or how do you know, husband, if you will save your wife?
Each person’s state of life
17However that may be, let each of you lead the life to which God called you as the Lord has assigned. This is what I command in all the Churches.
18Was anyone called when he was circumcised? Let him not become uncircumcised. Was anyone called when he was not circumcised? Let him not be circumcised. 19Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing: what matters is the observance of God’s commandments. 20Let everyone stay in that calling in which he was called. 21Were you called when you were a slave? Do not let that bother you, but if you get an opportunity to become free, use it. 22Anyone who was called in the Lord while being a slave is a free human being who belongs to the Lord. Conversely, whoever was called while free is a slave of Christ. 23You were bought with a price. Do not become slaves of human beings. 24Brethren, let everyone, in whatever condition he was called, stay in that condition with God.
Advice to virgins and widows
25Now, concerning virgins, I have no commandment from the Lord, but I give my opinion as one who has obtained mercy from the Lord so as to be trustworthy. 26I think that it is good, (in view of the present distress,) for a man to remain as he is. 27Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be freed. Are you free from a wife? Do not seek a wife. 28But if you do marry, you have not sinned. If a virgin marries, she has not sinned. Yet, they will have tribulations in the flesh, and I want to spare you. 29Yet, I say this, brethren: the time is short, and from now on, both those who have wives may be as though they had none; 30and those who weep, as though they did not weep; and those who rejoice, as though they did not rejoice; and those who buy, as though they did not possess; 31and those who use the world, as not using it to the fullest. The reason is that the outward form of this world is fading away. 32However, I desire that you should be free from cares. He who is unmarried is concerned for the things of the Lord, how he may please the Lord. 33But he who is married is concerned about the things of the world, how he may please his wife. 34There is also a difference between a wife and a virgin: the virgin cares about the things of the Lord, so that she may be holy both in body and spirit. But a married woman cares about the things of the world, how she may please her husband. 35I say this for your own benefit; not that I may ensnare you, but for what is appropriate, so that you may serve the Lord without distraction. 36Nevertheless, if any man thinks that he is behaving inappropriately towards his virgin, if she has past the flower of her age, and if it is required, let him do what he wills: he does not sin, let them marry. 37As for the one who stands steadfast in his heart, (having no necessity, but having control over his own heart to keep his virginity): he does well. 38And so, he who marries his virgin does well, and he who does not does better.
39A wife is bound by law for as long as her husband lives; but if the husband is dead, she is free to be married to whoever she desires, but only in the Lord. 40In my judgement, she is happier if she stays as she is, and I think that I too have the Spirit of God.
Concerning things sacrificed to idols
1Now, concerning things sacrificed to idols: we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge makes arrogant, but love builds up. 2But anyone who thinks that he knows anything does not yet know as he should know. 3On the other hand, if anyone loves God, such a person is known by him. 4Therefore, concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is only one God. 5Indeed, although there are things called ‘gods’ in the heavens or on earth; and there are many ‘gods’ and many ‘lords.’ 6Yet, to us, there is one God the Father, from whom are all things; and we are for him; and one Lord Jesus Christ through whom are all things, and we live through him. 7However, such knowledge is not found in everyone. There are some who eat things sacrificed to an idol with awareness of the idol, and their conscience, being weak, is defiled. 8But food will not commend us to God. If we do not eat, we are not worse; and if we do eat, we are not better. 9However, be careful that your freedom may never become a stumbling block to the weak. 10For if someone sees you who have knowledge sitting in an idol’s temple, will not this person’s conscience, if weak, be emboldened to eat things sacrificed to idols? 11And thus, through your knowledge, the weak one perishes, even the brethren for whose sake Christ died. 12And so, by sinning against the brethren and wounding their conscience when it is weak, you sin against Christ. 13Therefore, if food causes my brethren to stumble, I will never ever eat meat, so that I may not cause my brethren to stumble.
Paul’s apostleship – His rights
1Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have not seen Jesus Christ, our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord? 2If to others, I am not an apostle, yet at least for you I am one. You are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord. 3My defence to those who question me is this: 4Have we no right to eat and to drink? 5Do we not have the right to take along a sister – a wife – even as the rest of the apostles, and the brothers of the Lord, and Kephas? 6Or is it only Barnabas and I who are obliged to work? 7What soldier ever serves at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat of its fruit? Or who feeds a flock and does not drink from the flock’s milk? 8Do I speak these things according to human ways? Does not the law say the same thing as well? 9For it is written in the law of Moses, ‘You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain.’ (Deuteronomy 25:4) Is it for the oxen that God shows cares, 10or does he say these things for our benefit? Yes, it was written for us, because whoever ploughs and whoever threshes should do so with the hope to have their share [of a harvest]. 11If we sowed to you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we reap your material things?
12If others partake of this right over you, should we not even more? Nevertheless, we did not use this right, but we bear everything, so that we may cause no hindrance to the Good News of Christ. 13Do you not know that the ministers in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar have their share from the altar? 14Even so, the Lord ordained that those who proclaim the Good News should live from the Good News. 15However, I have used none of these things, and I do not write these things so that it may be done so in my case. As it is, I would rather die than to see anyone make my boasting void. 16Indeed, if I preach the Good News, I have nothing to boast about. This necessity is placed on me: woe unto me, if I do not preach the Good News. 17For if I do this of my own will, I have a reward, but if it is not of my own will, then I have a stewardship entrusted to me. 18What then is my reward? That, when I preach the Gospel, I may present the Good News of Christ for free, in order not to abuse my authority in the Good News.
All things to all people
19For although I was free from all, I brought myself in obedience to all, so that I might gain even more. 20To the Jews I became as a Jew, so that I might win over the Jews. To those who are under the law, as under the law, so that I might gain those who are under the law. 21To those who are without law, as one without law (not being without law towards God, but under law towards Christ), so that I might win those who are without law. 22To the weak I became as weak, that I might gain the weak. I have become all things to all people, so that I may by all means save some. 23Now, I do this for the sake of the Good News, so that I may be a joint partaker of it. 24Do you not know that those who run in a race run with everyone else, but that only one receives the prize? Run like that, in order to win. 25Everyone who competes in the games exercises self-control in everything. Now, they do it in order to receive a corruptible crown, but we, an incorruptible crown. 26This is how I run, not without a goal. This is how I fight, not beating the air. 27Instead, I chastise my body and bring it into submission, in fear that after having preached to others, I myself should be disqualified.
Warnings from the Old Testament
1Now, I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, that our forefathers were all under the cloud: all passed through the sea; 2and they were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 3They all ate the same spiritual food 4and drank the same spiritual drink. They drank from a spiritual rock that followed them, and that rock was Christ. 5However, God was not well pleased with most of them because they were struck down in the wilderness. 6Now these things were written as examples for us, so that we may not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. 7Do not become idolaters, as some of them were. As it is written, ‘The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.’ (Exodus 32:6) 8Let us not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell. 9Let us not put the Lord to the test, as some of them did, and they perished by the poisonous snakes. 10Let us not grumble either, as some of them did, and they were killed by the destroying angel. 11Now, all these things happened to them as an example and they were written for our instruction, since the ends of the ages have come on us. 12Therefore, let the one who thinks that he is standing be careful not to fall.
13No temptation has come to you that is not common to everyone. God is faithful: he will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able to resist, but with the temptation he will also create a way to escape, so that you may be able to endure it.
The cup and bread – Against idolatry
14Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry. 15I speak as to people that have common sense. Judge what I say. 16The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is not it a sharing in the body of Christ? 17Because there is one loaf of bread, we, who are many, are one body because we all partake of the one loaf of bread. 18Consider Israel according to the flesh: is it not true that those who eat the sacrifices participate in the altar?
19What am I saying then: that something sacrificed to idols is meaningful, or that an idol is anything? 20But I do say that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, not to God, and I do not want you to have fellowship with demons. 21You cannot drink from the cup of the Lord and also from the cup of demons. You cannot partake of the table of the Lord and of the table of demons as well. 22Or do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? 23‘Everything is lawful for me’ but not everything is profitable. ‘Everything is lawful for me’ but not everything builds up. 24We should not seek our own good, but our neighbour’s good.
Issues of conscience
25You may eat whatever is sold at the market, asking no question for the sake of conscience, 26for ‘the earth is the Lord’s, and its fullness.’ (Psalms 23:1) 27If you are invited for a meal by an unbeliever (and if you are inclined to accept), eat whatever is set before you, asking no questions for the sake of conscience. 28But if anyone says to you, “This was offered to idols” do not eat it for the sake of the one who told you, and for the sake of conscience, for ‘the earth is the Lord’s, and all its fullness.’ 29I say conscience, not your own, but the other’s conscience. But why is my freedom judged by someone else’s conscience? 30If I partake with gratefulness, why am I denounced for what I give thanks for? 31And so, whether you eat, or drink, or whatever you do, do it all to the glory of God. 32Give no occasions for stumbling, either to Jews, or to Greeks, or to the Church of God; 33even as I also please everyone in everything, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of many, so that they may be saved.
1Be my imitators, even as I imitate Christ.
Headship – Discipline in the assembly
2Now I praise you, brethren, that you remember me in everything, and hold firm to the traditions as I delivered them to you. 3But I desire you to know that the head of every man is Christ, the head of the woman is the man, and the head of Christ is God. 4Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered dishonours his head. 5But every woman praying or prophesying with her head unveiled dishonours her head, and it is as if she were shaved. 6Indeed, if a woman does not wear a head covering, she should be shaved; and if it is shameful for a woman to be shorn or shaved, then let her be covered. 7Certainly, a man should not have his head covered, because he is the image and glory of God, but woman is the glory of man. 8Man is not from woman, but woman from man; 9for man was not created for the woman, but woman for the man. 10For this cause, a woman should have [a sign of] authority on her head, because of the angels.
11Nevertheless, in the Lord, a woman is not independent from the man or a man independent from the woman. 12For as woman came from man, so a man also comes through a woman; but everything is from God. 13Judge for yourselves: is it appropriate that a woman pray to God unveiled? 14Does not even nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonour to him, 15but if a woman has long hair, it is a glory to her, because her hair is given to her as a covering. 16But if anyone wishes to dispute these things, we have no other custom, and neither do God’s Churches.
17Yet, in giving you this instruction, I do not praise you, as you come together not for the better but for the worse. 18First of all, when you come together as Church, I hear that divisions take place among you, and I partly believe it. 19Indeed, there must also be factions among you, so that those who are approved may be revealed among you. 20As it is, when you gather together, it is not the Lord’s supper that you eat, 21because each one takes his own supper first. One is hungry, and another is drunk. 22Do you not have houses where you can eat and drink? Or do you despise God’s Church and put to shame those who have nothing? What shall I tell you? Shall I praise you? In this, I do not praise you.
Tradition of the Lord’s Supper – Unworthy communion
23For I received from the Lord what also I delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night in which he was betrayed, took bread. 24When he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “Take, eat. This is my body, which is broken for you. Do this in memory of me.” 25Likewise, he also took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink, in memory of me.” 26For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes. 27Therefore, whoever eats this bread or drinks the Lord’s cup in a manner unworthy of the Lord will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 28But let everyone do a self-examination, and then eat the bread and drink from the cup. 29For whoever eats and drinks unworthily eats and drinks judgement to himself, if such a one does not discern the body of the Lord. 30For this reason, many among you are weak and ill, and many have fallen asleep. 31If we discerned ourselves, we would not be judged, 32but when we are judged, we are chastised by the Lord, so that we may not be condemned with the world. 33Therefore, my brethren, when you come together for the Meal, wait for one another. 34But anyone who is hungry should eat at home, in fear that your coming together might be for judgement. Other matters, I will set in order when I come.
The works of the Spirit
1Now concerning spiritual things, brethren, I do not want you to be ignorant. 2You know that when you were Gentiles, you were enticed and led away to those mute idols. 3Therefore, I want you to understand that no one speaking by God’s Spirit can say, “Jesus is accursed.” No one can say, “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit. 4Now, there are various kinds of gifts, but it is the same Spirit. 5There are various kinds of service, and the same Lord. 6There are various kinds of works, but it is the same God who works all things in all. 7But to each one, the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the benefit of all. 8To one, the word of wisdom is given through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit. 9To another faith, by the same Spirit and to yet another gifts of healings, by the same Spirit. 10To another it is given to work miracles and to another prophecy. Another receives the discerning of spirits, another different kinds of tongues and another the interpretation of tongues. 11However, it is the one and same Spirit who works all of these, distributing to each one individually as he intends
One and many
12Just as the body is one and yet has many members, and all the members of the body (though many,) form one body; so also is Christ. 13For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, both Jews and Greeks, slaves or free; and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. 14For the body is not one member, but many. 15If the foot would say, “Because I am not the hand, I am not part of the body” it would still be part of the body. 16If the ear would say, “Because I am not the eye, I am not part of the body” it would still be part of the body. 17If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? Or if the whole body were hearing, where would the smelling be? 18But now, God has set the members of the body, each one of them, just as he desired. 19If they were all one member, where would the body be? 20But now, they are many members, but one body. 21The eye cannot tell the hand, “I have no need of you,” or again the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.” 22In fact, the members of the body which seem to be weaker are indispensable. 23The members of the body which we think less honourable, we clothe with greater honour while our less respectable members are treated with greater respect, 24although our more presentable parts have no such need. But God put the body together, giving more abundant honour to the inferior part, 25so that there should be no division in the body. Instead, the members should have the same care for one another. 26When one member suffers, all the members suffer with it, and when one member is glorified, all the members rejoice with it.
27Now you are the body of Christ, and members individually. 28God has appointed some in the Church as follows: first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then wonder-workers, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those with different kinds of tongues. 29However, are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all miracle workers? 30Do all have gifts of healings? Do all speak with various languages? Do all interpret? 31But earnestly desire the best gifts. Moreover, I show you a most excellent way.
The way of love
1If I speak with the tongues of men and angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 2If I have the gift of prophecy and know all mysteries and have all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to move mountains, but if I do not have love; I am nothing. 3If I give out all my goods to feed the poor, and give my body to be burnt but do not have love, it profits me nothing.
4Love is patient and is kind; love does not envy. Love does not brag, it is not proud, 5it does not behave inappropriately, it is not self-oriented. It does not take offence and does not keep track of evil, 6it does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth. 7It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. 8Love never fails.
But as for prophecies, they will come to an end; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part; 10but when what is complete comes, then what is incomplete will be done away with. 11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I felt as a child, I thought as a child. Now that I have become full- grown, I have put away childish things. 12For now, we see in a mirror, dimly, but then we shall see face to face. Now, I know in part, but then, I will know fully, even as I have been fully known. 13But now, faith, hope, and love remain: these three, and the greatest of these is love.
About tongues and prophecy: personal and communal edification
1Pursue love, and eagerly desire spiritual gifts, especially so that you may prophesy. 2For whoever speaks in another tongue does not speak to human beings but to God; and no one understands, but such a one speaks mysteries in the spirit. 3Whoever prophesies speaks to others for their edification, exhortation, and consolation. 4Whoever speaks in another tongue edifies himself, but the one who prophesies edifies the Church. 5Indeed, I desire to have all of you speak in other tongues, and even more that you would prophesy. For the one who prophesies is greater than the one who speaks in tongues, unless the one who speaks in tongues also interprets, so that the Church may be edified.
6But now, brethren, if I come to you speaking in tongues, what profit is there for you unless I speak either by way of revelation, knowledge, prophesying, or teaching? 7Consider things without life but giving a voice, such as a pipe or a harp: if they did not give a distinction in the sounds, how would anyone know what is being played? 8For if the trumpet gave an uncertain sound, who would prepare for war? 9It is the same with you: if you do not utter words easy to understand, how will people understand what is spoken? For you would be speaking into the air. 10As it is, there are many kinds of sounds in the world, and none of them is without meaning. 11But if I do not know the meaning of the sound, I would be as a foreigner to the one speaking and vice-versa. 12And so with you, since you are eager for spiritual gifts, try to excel in what edifies the Church. 13Therefore, the one who speaks in another tongue should pray that he may interpret, 14because if I pray in another tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind does not bear fruit.
15What then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will also pray with the mind. I will sing with the spirit, and with the mind also. 16Otherwise if you bless with the spirit, how will the one who is untrained say the ‘Amen’ at your giving of thanks, not knowing what are you saying? 17You give thanks well, no doubt about it, but the other person is not built up. 18I give thanks to my God: I speak in tongues more than all of you. 19However, in the Church, I would rather speak five words with my mind than ten thousand words in another tongue, in order to instruct others.
20Brethren, do not be children in thoughts, yet be infants when it comes to evil. Be mature in your thoughts. 21It is written in the law,
By men of strange tongues and by the lips of strangers,
I will speak to this people.
Yet, not even thus will they hear me, says the Lord. (Isaiah 28:11-12)
22Therefore, other tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe, but to unbelievers. Prophesying is a sign, not to the unbelieving, but to those who believe. 23If therefore the whole Church is assembled and all speak in tongues, and someone untaught or unbelieving comes in, will this person not say that you are crazy? 24But if all prophesy, and someone unbelieving or untaught comes in, that person is reproved by all, and is judged by all. 25And thus, the secrets of this person’s heart shall be revealed that he might fall down on his face and worship God, declaring that God is among you indeed.
Instructions for good order
26What is it then, brethren? When you come together, each one of you has a psalm, a teaching, a revelation, a tongue, or an interpretation. Let all these things be done to build each other up. 27If someone speaks in another tongue, let it be two or at the most three of them, one at a time; and then someone should interpret. 28But if there is no interpreter, the one who speaks in tongues should remain silent in the Church; and let him speak to himself and to God. 29Let the prophets speak, two or three of them, and then let the others ponder on what was said. 30But if a revelation is made to another sitting by, the first speaker should then keep silent. 31Certainly, all of you can prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and be exhorted. 32The prophetic spirit is to be under the prophets’ control, 33for God is not a God of confusion, but of peace.
As is done in all the Churches of the saints, 34women should remain silent in the Churches, for it has not been permitted for them to speak as they are to be under authority, as the law also says. 35If they desire to learn about something, let them ask their own husbands at home, for it is not fitting that a woman should speak in the Church.
36Do you think that it was from you that the word of God went out? Or did it come to you alone? 37If any man thinks himself to be a prophet or someone spiritual, let him recognise the things which I write to you: these are the commandment of the Lord. 38But the ignorant is truly ignorant. 39Therefore, brethren, have an intense desire to prophesy and do not forbid speaking in tongues, 40but let everything be done decently and in order.
The Good News and the Resurrection
1Now I declare to you, brethren, the Good News which I preached to you, which also you accepted, in which you also stand. 2And you are saved by it, that is if you hold firmly to the word which I preached to you. Otherwise, you believed in vain. 3For I delivered to you, first of all, what I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5and that he appeared to Kephas, then to the Twelve. 6After that, he appeared to over five hundred brethren at once, most of whom remain until now, but some have also fallen asleep. 7Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8and last of all, as to the child born at the wrong time, he appeared to me also. 9Indeed, I am the least of the apostles, unworthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the Church of God. 10But by the grace of God, I am what I am. His grace which was bestowed on me was not in vain, but I worked more than all of them – yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. 11It does not matter whether is it I or they: this is what we preach, and so you believed.
12Now, if Christ is preached and we preach that he has been raised from the dead, how is it that some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised. 14If Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain, and your faith is also in vain. 15Yes, we are found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified concerning God that he raised up Christ (but if God did not raise him up, then the dead are not raised). 16Truly, if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised. 17If Christ has not been raised, your faith is vain, and you are still in your sins. 18Moreover, those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19If it is only in this life that we have hoped in Christ, we are the most pathetic of all human beings.
20But in fact, Christ has been raised from the dead. He did become the first fruits of those who are asleep. 21For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead also came through a man. 22As in Adam all die, in Christ all will be made alive. 23But each in the proper order: Christ (the first fruits), then those who are Christ’s, at his coming. 24When the end comes, he will deliver the Kingdom to the God and Father, that is when he will have abolished all rule and all authority and power. 25For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. 26The last enemy that will be abolished is death. 27For, ‘He put everything in subjection under his feet.’ (Psalms 8:6) But when he says, ‘Everything is put in subjection,’ it is obvious that this does not include the one who subjected everything to him. 28When everything has been subjected to him, then the Son will also subject himself to the one who subjected everything to him, so that God may be all in all.
29Otherwise, what is the point of being baptized to be as dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why are people baptized to be on their side? 30Why do we also stand in danger at every hour? 31I affirm, by the boasting in you which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, that I die daily. 32If I fought with animals at Ephesus for human purposes, what gain is there for me? If the dead are not raised, then ‘let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.’ (Isaiah 22:13) 33Do not be deceived. ‘Evil companionships corrupt good morals.’ 34Wake up to righteousness and do not sin, for some have no knowledge of God. I say this to your shame.
How are the dead raised?
35But someone will say, “How are the dead raised?” and, “With what kind of body do they return?” 36You foolish one, even what you sow is not made alive unless it dies first. 37What you sow, you do not sow in the shape that will be, but a bare grain, maybe of wheat, or of some other kind. 38But God gives it a body even as it pleased him, and to each seed a body of its own. 39Not all flesh is alike: there is human nature, animal flesh and also the nature of fish and birds. 40There are also heavenly bodies, and earthly bodies; but the glory of the heavenly differs from that of the earthly. 41There is the glory of the sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs from another star in glory. 42This is comparable to the resurrection of the dead: something is sown in corruption but raised in incorruption. 43It is sown in dishonour; it is then raised in glory. It is sown in weakness then raised in power. 44It is sown as a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body just as there is a spiritual body.
45And so, it is written, ‘The first man, Adam, became a living soul.’ (Genesis 2:7) The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46However, what is spiritual is not first, but what is natural, then comes what is spiritual. 47The first man is from the earth, made of dust. The second man is the Lord from heaven. 48As is the one made of dust, such are those who are also made of dust; and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 49As we have borne the image of those made of dust, we will also bear the image of the heavenly [man]. 50Now, I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of God; neither does corruption inherit incorruption.
51Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. The trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we will be changed. 53For what is corruptible must put on incorruption, and what is mortal must put on immortality. 54But when the corruptible will have put on incorruption and the mortal immortality, then what is written will come true, ‘Death is swallowed up in victory.’ (Isaiah 25:8)
55Death, where is your sting?
Hades, where is your victory? (Hosea 13:14)
56The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 57But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 58Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always active in the Lord’s work, because you know that your labour in the Lord is not in vain.
About the collection and Paul’s plans
1Now, concerning the collection for the saints, do as I instructed the Churches of Galatia. 2On the first day of the week, each one of you should put aside and reserve according to God’s blessing, so that no collections be made when I come. 3When I arrive, I will send whoever you approve with letters to carry your gracious gift to Jerusalem. 4If it is appropriate for me to go also, they will accompany me. 5But I will come to you when I have passed through Macedonia, since I have to go through Macedonia. 6I may also stay with you, or even spend the winter, so that you may send me on my journey. 7Truly, I do not wish to see you only in passing, but I hope to stay with you for a while, if the Lord permits. 8But I will stay at Ephesus until Pentecost, 9because a great and effective door has opened to me, and there are many adversaries. 10Now, if Timothy comes, make sure that he has nothing to fear from you, for he does the work of the Lord as I do. 11Therefore, let no one despise him, but set him on his way in peace, so that he may come to me; for I expect him with the brothers.
12Now concerning Apollos, the brother: I strongly urged him to come to you with the brothers; but it was not his desire to come now. He will come when he has an opportunity.
13Watch. Stand firm in the faith. Be courageous. Be strong. 14Let all that you do be done in love.
15Now I beg you, brethren (you know the house of Stephanas, that it is the first fruits of Achaia, and that they have devoted themselves to serve the saints), 16that you also be in service to people like this to everyone who helps in the work and labours. 17I rejoice at the coming of Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus; for what was lacking on your part, they supplied. 18They refreshed my spirit and yours; show therefore your appreciation to such people.
19The Churches of Asia greet you. Aquila and Priscilla greet you much in the Lord, together with the Church that is in their house. 20All the brethren greet you. Greet one another with a holy kiss.
21This greeting is by me, Paul, with my own hand. 22If anyone does not love the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be accursed. Maranatha. 23May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with you. 24My love is with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen.